Have you ever felt an extreme and overwhelming fear? Does something on specific freaks you out? Well, that is a phobia. Here are three of them starting with the letter I and L.

Three common phobias starting with letter I and L.
Three common phobias starting with letter I and L.

Sometimes, what we feel and experience is so intense and overwhelming that we ran out of words to explain it. That is exactly what happens with phobias. But did you know that the best way to cope with it is starting to recognize what we feel? Well, that is the dictionary of phobias’ purpose. Giving a name and defining what we feel, so we can start working on it and coping. In this opportunity, it is time for three common phobias starting with the letter I and L.

Illyngophobia

Phobia of feeling vertigo,
Phobia of feeling vertigo,

Have you ever experienced vertigo? Vertigo is an illusory feeling of rotation or moving. That means you feel like the space you are at, or even yourself are suddenly spinning or moving. Especially when neither you nor space is in movement. Sounds like a really uncomfortable and intense sensation, right? Well, it can be overwhelming but it is not dangerous. At least not to be extremely afraid about it. But for some people, this sensation is a phobic object.

Illyngophobia is one of those phobias in which the object of the phobia is not literally an object. This is a specific phobia that can be part of two groups of phobias: phobias related to specific situations, or phobias related to medical issues. And that is something really interesting because it let us know more about the person who has it. Some people with Illyngophobia would relate it with the situation, which means the feeling of vertigo itself. While other people might relate it with the medical condition, the side effects, what they feel, or even if it may part of a health problem or not.

According to John G. Robertson in his the “An Excess of Phobias and Manias” 2003 book, Illyngophobia is:

An excessive fear of vertigo or a fear of feeling dizzy or giddy when looking down from a high place.

John G. Robertson. (2003). An Excess of Phobias and Manias. Senior Scribe Publications.

As you see now, Illyngophobia is the extreme fear of vertigo. And as I said before this phobia involves a situation, which is looking down while being at a considerable high. But it also involves a health situation because the person feels dizzy or unstable. Some of its symptoms consist of the magnification of the feeling itself. So, most people with this phobia feel intense dizziness, nausea, and shaking. Those are key aspects to take into account because they can describe the phenomenon behind the phobia. And that is the only way to start coping with it.

Isolophobia

Fear of loneliness.
Fear of loneliness.

Humans are social beings. Since ancient times, it has been beneficial for us to be around our peers and to unite efforts, and to share with others. Being social allowed humans to survive and conquer the world. We need others, we need to have feelings for others, but to receive it from them too. Also, we need to share moments and spend time with others. So, there is a need to have a company for us, not only because of the human’s weakness but also because of the feelings related.

But there is a huge difference between needing a company and being extremely afraid of being alone. None likes to be alone at all, but that is completely different from being afraid of being alone or having no company. Well, when the feeling that loneliness produces on us is intense fear, that is Isolophobia. And it is also known as Autophobia or Monophobia. So, in this phobia the object of fear is actually a situation, being alone or being left alone.

According to the “Psychiatric Nursing Made Incredibly Easy” book by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Editorial and Wolters Kluwer Company, Isolophobia is:

Fear of Solitude.

ippincott Williams & Wikins editorial. (2003). Psychiatric Nursing Made Incredibly Easy. Wolters Kluwer Company.

Someone with this phobia experiences a morbid fear just by the idea of being alone or being isolated from others. That is a really interesting thing because it can involve many behavioral issues. For example, people with this phobia usually tend to be extremely complacent with others to not be alone. Another symptom is having generalized anxiety or depression. And some people with this phobia might even tend to manipulate others so they don’t have the chance of being alone. And those are key aspects to base a diagnosis to start coping with the phobia.

Lilapsophobia

Fear of Tornadoes or Hurricanes.
Fear of Tornadoes or Hurricanes.

Natural phenomena can be really terrifying for human beings. It can be identified as an evolutionary and survival fear. Because maybe in ancient times, when human weakness was bigger and there were no ways to protect from nature, that fear really saved our lives. But nowadays, that intense fear can be seen as too extreme compared to the situation. Especially if there is no possibility to face a natural phenomenon at the moment.

Lilapsophobia is the extreme and intense fear of two natural phenomena specifically: hurricanes and tornadoes. That means this is also a situational phobia, in which the object of the phobia is experiencing a natural phenomenon. And that is something probably but not constant. For that reason, this is a relatively irrational phobia, because it is about something that may happen or not. But this is a really common phobia, especially as part of post-traumatic stress disorder.

According to Maeve Losito on his 2020 book “Phobias: When Fear Becomes Irrational“, Lilapsophobia:

…can cause unnecessary panic any tome there is an average storm… These people are also likely to have panic attacks before or during a storm… people with specific phobias of natural phenomena may feel they have very little control over their fear.

Maeve Losito. (2020). Phobias: When Fear Becomes Irrational. Lucent Press.

There is something really interesting about this phobia, and it is the fact of being directly related to something that is not under the person’s control. Any of us can control a situation as a natural phenomenon, nowadays science can now barely predict it. But there is no way we can actually avoid it or preparing for that. And that is something that shapes entirely this phobia. Because there might be no way to control the event that produces extreme fear or to avoid it. That makes the symptoms more intense and the coping process harder.


These three phobias have many things in common, starting with the fact that they are situational phobias. Also on this phobias, the object of the phobia is something the person experiences. And these three phobias are phobias in which the person has no control at all of the situations. For example, we can not control or predict hurricanes and tornadoes at all, and we can not control at all not being left alone. Those three aspects are relevant to take into account to start coping with the phobia.