The Catholic Church is a decision-making institution. It’s form as a hierarchy. The Church forms councils to decide on matters of faith and morals.
The apostles and the presbyters met together to see about this matter.Acts 15:6
We see in Acts that there was a hierarchy established. All the way back to the Church’s beginning. The apostles, I.e. the bishops, and the presbyters, I.e. the priests. These groups met together to decide on what to do about circumcision. This is the same as a modern-day council. The Church hierarchy gets together to decide matters of faith and morals.
When questions of faith and morals arise in the Church, it only makes sense that there would be a system in place to decide on these matters. That those decisions would bind the faithful. These decisions are not suggestions. The Bible gives us obvious examples of the hierarchy.
Modern Day Councils Decide on Matters of Faith and Morals
Today, we have councils convened to decide matters of faith and morals. When the question is small, or local, a small group gets together to decide on the matter. When the matter becomes grave, or effects the Church as a whole, they convene a larger council.
This is important to the continued operation of the Church. Without a decision-making system in place, the Church would be chaos. We would not have definitive answers on faith and morals. Look at the protestant and evangelical churches. They do not have councils. When pastors disagree with each other, they split and form their own churches.
Many churches teaching unfamiliar things. It’s hard to know what the correct answer is. That is why the Catholic Church remains One. Because it convenes binding councils. Even though Catholics disagree, when councils decide matters, they finish the matter. Anyone, dissenting, isn’t speaking for the Church, but is in schism.
When councils decide they finish the matter. The council has given the correct answer. When the faithful disagree with the council’s decision, the faithful person can consider themselves in schism. This is how Jesus designed His Church.